American Cockroach

Size: up to 2 in.

Color: Reddish brown

Body Structure: Oblong oval body with antennae and yellow band behind the head

Characteristics: Females lay an egg case, containing anywhere from a dozen to 16 eggs, and then carry the egg case on their abdomens before depositing it near a food source. Eggs hatch after around 60 days, although it takes one year for the nymphs to reach adulthood. Females may lay anywhere from 15 to 90 egg cases in a lifetime.

Habitat/Behavior: American cockroaches are often found damp, darkĀ areas--basements, near water pipes, boiler rooms, etc. One may also find them inhabiting landscaping around a residence. Although they primarily stay outdoors, they may invade a home if the climate changes or food runs low. Inside homes, they may be found lurking in food preparation areas. Unlike some other species, the American cockroach is capable of flight. In addition, whereas other roaches tend to hide in nooks and crannies, American cockroaches tend to congregate out in the open.

Prevention/Treatment: Sealing cracks and crevices around doors and pipes is a good prevention tool. American cockroaches also tend to enjoy sweet foods, so keeping food preparation areas clean is key to preventing infestation, too. Even though you're more apt to see an American cockroach during daylight hours than other roach species, they are evasive. So, seeing one cockroach may be indicative of a much larger problem. Although, there are a number of do-it-yourself treatments out there, such as roach foggers, they can be ineffective if administered improperly. What's more, they can be highly toxic to pets and humans. It is suggested that you contact a trained pest control professional if you have spotted cockroaches in your home.

Click here for a FREE pest control consultation or call (770) 696-8202.


Brown-banded Cockroach

Size: 5/8 in.

Color: Light brown to brown with two dark brown markings on the thorax

Body Structure: Narrow oval-shaped body with long antennae and longitudinal markings on the thorax

Characteristics: Extremely fast breeders, German cockroaches can produce as many as 6 generations of offspring in a year. The female produces an egg capsule about once every 25 days. The capsule contains anywhere from 1 to 4-dozen eggs. After eggs hatch, the nymphs mature into adulthood in as little as 3-4 months. The total lifespan of an adult German cockroach is about 1 year. Although the species has fully-developed wings, German cockroaches are incapable of flight; however, they can glide short distances if it feels threatened.

Habitat/Behavior: Like other roaches, the German cockroach is omnivorous. They prefer warm, moist conditions, which is why they often are found in kitchens and bathrooms, hiding in crevices and cracks. Because they are prolific reproducers and have few natural predators, German cockroach infestations can grow rapidly. German cockroaches are the most typical invaders of apartments, restaurants, grocery stores and anywhere food is prepared.

Prevention/Treatment: Along with sealing cracks and crevices where the German cockroach can enter your home, making sure food preparation areas are clean will help prevent infestation. Likewise, clearing clutter such as newspapers or piles of clothes is also suggested since German cockroaches are omnivorous scavengers who will eat anything, including paper and cloth. Because German cockroaches reproduce quickly, do-it-yourself treatments are not recommended. Roach bombs can be toxic and highly dangerous for humans and pets alike if administered incorrectly. If you believe you have a roach infestation, contact a pest control professional to identify the species and administer proper treatment.

Click here for a FREE pest control consultation or call (770) 696-8202.


German Cockroach

Size: 5/8 in.

Color: Light brown to brown with two dark brown markings on the thorax

Body Structure: Narrow oval-shaped body with long antennae and longitudinal markings on the thorax

Characteristics: Extremely fast breeders, German cockroaches can produce as many as 6 generations of offspring in a year. The female produces an egg capsule about once every 25 days. The capsule contains anywhere from 1 to 4-dozen eggs. After eggs hatch, the nymphs mature into adulthood in as little as 3-4 months. The total lifespan of an adult German cockroach is about 1 year. Although the species has fully-developed wings, German cockroaches are incapable of flight; however, they can glide short distances if it feels threatened.

Habitat/Behavior: Like other roaches, the German cockroach is omnivorous. They prefer warm, moist conditions, which is why they often are found in kitchens and bathrooms, hiding in crevices and cracks. Because they are prolific reproducers and have few natural predators, German cockroach infestations can grow rapidly. German cockroaches are the most typical invaders of apartments, restaurants, grocery stores and anywhere food is prepared.

Prevention/Treatment: Along with sealing cracks and crevices where the German cockroach can enter your home, making sure food preparation areas are clean will help prevent infestation. Likewise, clearing clutter such as newspapers or piles of clothes is also suggested since German cockroaches are omnivorous scavengers who will eat anything, including paper and cloth. Because German cockroaches reproduce quickly, do-it-yourself treatments are not recommended. Roach bombs can be toxic and highly dangerous for humans and pets alike if administered incorrectly. If you believe you have a roach infestation, contact a pest control professional to identify the species and administer proper treatment.

Click here for a FREE pest control consultation or call (770) 696-8202.


Oriental Cockroach

Size: 1 in.

Color: Dark brown

Body Structure: Oval-shaped body. Females have a slightly broader body and functionless wing pads. Males have fully-developed wings yet are incapable of flight as well.

Characteristics: The adult female will lay an egg capsule, which she carries attached to her abdomen for about a day before depositing the capsule near a food source. Females produce around 8 capsules, each containing 16 eggs. The gestation period is approximately 2 months. When eggs hatch, the offspring emerge as nymphs. Depending upon environmental conditions, it can take anywhere from 6 months to 2 years for nymphs to develop into mature adults, molting anywhere from 7-10 times during the process.

Habitat/Behavior: The Oriental cockroach prefers moist, dark areas and is found under porches, in crawlspaces, and around sewer drains and pipes. Likewise, they can be found in and around decaying plant and animal life, indoors or out. Oriental cockroaches are known disease carriers and can spread a number of microorganisms known to cause gastrointestinal distress. Likewise, the Oriental roach releases various secretions from its body. When infestation is high, the secretions result in a distinctive, fetid odor.

Prevention/Treatment: Sanitation, especially in food preparation areas, is important. Likewise, sealing cracks around your foundation and caulking gaps around pipes, doors, windows and under cabinets will help keep Oriental roaches out. Before administering a do-it-yourself treatment, such as "foggers" or powder containing boric acid, please consult a pest control professional. If administered incorrectly, store-bought pesticides can be highly toxic to family and pets and actually disperse roaches rather than killing them, making the problem harder to treat.

Click here for a FREE pest control consultation or call (770) 696-8202.


Smoky Brown Cockroach

Appearance: This roach is very similar to the American roach, but is smaller in size and is dark brown-mahogany, black in color. Adults have well-developed wings that stretch to the tip of the abdomen.

Diet: Normally they prefer plant material, but will eat almost anything when they come inside the home. They feed on plant material and may inhabit greenhouses.

Habits and Biology: The smoky brown is a tropical cockroach, thus more common in the southern United States. This species is occasionally shipped all over the U.S. on fruit or nursery stock.

They enter houses in the summer or hitchhike on firewood. Females lay a dark brown capsule that contains 24 eggs, hatching in one to two months. The young will become an adult in 10-12 months. This roach is not usually found in the Northern States unless they are brought in. However, in the Southern part of the country they are numerous. These roaches fly at night toward lights.

Recommendations:

  • Caulk all penetrations through ground level walls.
  • Stop water leaks, screen equipment overflow drains, and take overflow water away from buildings; keep drain traps full or capped.
  • Remove rotting leaves from window wells.
  • Move garbage cans out of preferred moist habitat.
  • Ventilate moist spaces.

Click here for a FREE pest control consultation or call (770) 696-8202.


Wood Cockroach

Size: up to 1 1/4 in.

Color: Brown to reddish-brown

Body Structure: Oval-shaped bodies. Females have small wing pads yet are flightless; adult males have fully-developed wings that cover the entire body

Characteristics: In a lifetime, females can produce 30 egg capsules, each containing up to 32 eggs. Eggs hatch approximately one month after being laid and maturation can take up to 9 months. Unlike other species, wood roaches are not likely to flee when approached.

Habitat/Behavior: Wood cockroaches primarily reside outdoors, including woodpiles, under debris or under piles of leaves. They primarily are nocturnal. Males of the species are attracted to light and will fly toward any illuminated object. Wood cockroaches rarely make their way indoors because they require constantly moist conditions to reproduce.

Prevention/Treatment: Clearing plant debris from around your home as well as sealing exterior cracks are good measures to keep out wood cockroaches. Since male wood roaches are attracted to light, turning off exterior lights or even changing exterior lights from white halogen/fluorescent bulbs to yellow bug lights may thwart the pests. If you have seen roaches in your home, it is best to contact a pest control professional first to verify what species is lurking around your home and then treat it accordingly.

Click here for a FREE pest control consultation or call (770) 696-8202.