Size: up to 2 in.
Color: Reddish brown
Body Structure: Oblong oval body with antennae and yellow band behind the head
Characteristics: Females lay an egg case, containing anywhere from a dozen to 16 eggs, and then carry the egg case on their abdomens before depositing it near a food source. Eggs hatch after around 60 days, although it takes one year for the nymphs to reach adulthood. Females may lay anywhere from 15 to 90 egg cases in a lifetime.
Habitat/Behavior: American cockroaches are often found damp, dark areas–basements, near water pipes, boiler rooms, etc. One may also find them inhabiting landscaping around a residence. Although they primarily stay outdoors, they may invade a home if the climate changes or food runs low. Inside homes, they may be found lurking in food preparation areas. Unlike some other species, the American cockroach is capable of flight. In addition, whereas other roaches tend to hide in nooks and crannies, American cockroaches tend to congregate out in the open.
Prevention/Treatment: Sealing cracks and crevices around doors and pipes is a good prevention tool. American cockroaches also tend to enjoy sweet foods, so keeping food preparation areas clean is key to preventing infestation, too. Even though you’re more apt to see an American cockroach during daylight hours than other roach species, they are evasive. So, seeing one cockroach may be indicative of a much larger problem. Although, there are a number of do-it-yourself treatments out there, such as roach foggers, they can be ineffective if administered improperly. What’s more, they can be highly toxic to pets and humans. It is suggested that you contact a trained pest control professional if you have spotted cockroaches in your home.